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Lumbini Travel Guide - Attractions, Hotels, Transfer, Maps

Located in the in south Terai Plain of Nepal, only about 20km to India, Lumbini is the place where Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama (Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism). When he was 35 years old, Gautama achieved his enlightenment - becoming the Buddha and founding Buddhism. Interestingly, all of the events occurred under trees. As a site pivotal to the life of the Buddha, Lumbini is one of the most important sites for Buddhist pilgrimage. It also is the base of modern Buddhist renaissance, and many Buddhist pilgrims come there from different corner in the world. Lumbini was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.

Lumbini Garden – Sacred Buddhist Site of the World

Lumbini Garden covers an area of 8 square kilometers. In order to memorize the garden where Sakyamuni was born, the Buddhist followers called it the Sacred Garden and many monasteries and pagodas are built there (some are still under construction). In the previous 2,500 years, the pilgrims made pilgrimages to this sacred place in an endless stream. In the surrounding of the Sacred Garden, there are many temples built with the assistance of other countries, including China, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Vietnamese etc. By visiting Lumbini Garden, you can explore the different temples with different architectural features.

Lumbini Travel Map
Lumbini Location Map

Top Attractions in Lumbini

Lumbini is the perfect place to go to if you are into cultural, archaeological and religious treasures. With the number of stupas, meditation grounds, temples, courtyards and more, a walk in Lumbini is a walk with Buddha. Enter the birthplace of one of the greatest man of world religions and be captivated by its serene environment and meditate and reflect with its outmost tranquility and peaceful atmosphere. Check the top attractions in Lumbini as follows:

Mayadevi Temple

Type: Religious Sites

Recommended Length of Visit: 30~45 mins

The Mayadevi Temple was built to respect the Queen Maya Devi – the mother of the Lord Buddha. It is a simple temple in a simple park, but the beautiful ground is perfect for an early morning meditation or a walk. The story of Queen Maya is recorded in the temple. It is said that Maya Devi gave birth to Gautama under a banyan tree and this temple is built in the site of this tree. The energy of the place brings a pleasing and calm feeling.

Sacred Garden

Type: Garden & Temples

Recommended Length of Visit: 1 hr

The Lumbini Sacred Garden is famous as the birthplace of Lord Buddha. It was family home of Buddha's mother who returned here to give birth to Siddhartha Gautama, later the Lord Buddha. Exploring this site you will learn how Buddha's mother returned home, how Buddha was born and grew. Surroundings are some grand shrines, temples and monasteries which tell the whole life of Buddha lord as well as his Buddhism.

Ashoka Pillar

Type: Building & Relic

Recommended Length of Visit: 15 mins

With a height of about 12.97m, Ashoka Pillar is an inscribed sandstone pillar erected in 10th regnal year of Ashoka after Ashoka (the greatest king in Indian hisotry) paid pilgrimages to Lumbini. The inscription declares that Lumbini as a tax-free area.At present, there are 19 Indian pillars with inscriptions and most of them are found in India, but the inscription on the Ashoka Pillar in Lumbini is the oldest one. Go to admire this cultural relic.

Puskarni Pond

Type: Religious Sites

Recommended Length of Visit: 15 mins

Near to the south of Ashoka Pillar is the famous Puskarni Pond where the Buddha's mother - Queen Mayadevi took a bath before giving birth. The prince also had his purification bath in the pond. Nowadays pilgrims often take a holy dip here. The surrounded grounds are the ruined foundations of a great number of brick pagodas and monasteries which can be trace back to the 2nd century BC to the 9th century AD.

Useful Nepal Travel Notes

  • 1. How to Plan Nepal Travel
    Usually, tourists take about 4~15 days to have a classic Nepal tour. Most of them start their Nepal tour from the capital city – Kathmandu. Four days are recommended to explore the highlights of Kathmandu Valley. Then, you can extend your tour to a deep nature or culture exploration. One more day allows you to have a great view of Mount Everest in Nagarkot. With 2~3 more days, you can turn to Pokhara for the picturesque natural landscape or Chitwan National park for the great wildlife adventure – both of them are recommended. If you are interested in Buddhist culture, Lumbini – the birthplace of the Lord Buddha, can’t be missed. You are suggested to spend 9 days to have a full Buddhist tour from Kathmandu Valley to Dhulikhel, Lumbin, Bharktapur, and Pharping. If you want to stretch your legs, a 9 days Poon Hill Trekking will be amazing. In fact, many tourists choose to have a tour combining Nepal and Tibet. After you Nepal Tour, you can get to Tibet through Gyirong Airport which was newly open to foreign travelers in 2017. After that, you can take a tour to Mount Everest, Mount Kailash or Lhasa. It is also available to take a nonstop flight to Lhasa from Kathmandu.
  • 2. What to Pack
    For foreign travelers to Nepal, documents – valid passport and Nepal Visa are the most important to pack. Then, you are suggested to take a large backpack for big luggage and a smaller bag for valuables. Traveling in Nepal during summer times, rain gears are necessary while warm clothing is must when you travel in winter. If you plan a trekking tour in Nepal, take both light and warm clothing in casual styles because you will experience a wide range of climates. Good windproof and waterproof jacket, walking boots with ankle support are must.
  • 3. How to Get to Nepal
    At present, Nepal can be reached by flights and overland driving. Kathmandu Tribhuvan International Airport is the only international airport in Nepal, connected with many cities, like Bangkok, Colombo, Calcutta, Delhi, Dhaka, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Karachi, Lhasa, London Osaka, Paris, Moscow, Paro, Singapore and Varanasi. If you feel to find available flights from your country to Nepal, it will be a good idea to travel China first. After your China mainland tours, you can easily get to Tibet by flight or driving, then have an unforgettable overland driving experience to Nepal across Gyirong Airport.
  • 4. What to Eat in Nepal
    Heavily influenced by Indian and Tibet dishes, Nepal food is quick to cook and tasty to eat. The most popular Nepal food is a dish called “Daal, Bhaat and Tarkaari” (lentils, rice, vegetable curry respectively). This is the main course served in the most Nepalese houses regardless of the economic conditions, that too in both lunch and as well as dinner. Kathmandu is a melting pot of international cuisine. Besides Nepal food, Nepal restaurants here serve varieties of hygienic delicacies from Indian, Chinese, Tibetan, Japanese, Italian, Australian, Russian, Korean, and Mexican etc to Continental at remarkably reasonable price.

Most Recommended Tour Packages

Following are some other recommended tour packages that you may be interested in. All of our Tibet tour packages are customizable to meet your personal requirements. You can also contact us to customize a trip if you want.

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