Located in the in south Terai Plain of Nepal, only about 20km to India, Lumbini is the place where Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama (Sakyamuni, the founder of Buddhism). When he was 35 years old, Gautama achieved his enlightenment - becoming the Buddha and founding Buddhism. Interestingly, all of the events occurred under trees. As a site pivotal to the life of the Buddha, Lumbini is one of the most important sites for Buddhist pilgrimage. It also is the base of modern Buddhist renaissance, and many Buddhist pilgrims come there from different corner in the world. Lumbini was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.
Lumbini Garden – Sacred Buddhist Site of the World
Lumbini Garden covers an area of 8 square kilometers. In order to memorize the garden where Sakyamuni was born, the Buddhist followers called it the Sacred Garden and many monasteries and pagodas are built there (some are still under construction). In the previous 2,500 years, the pilgrims made pilgrimages to this sacred place in an endless stream. In the surrounding of the Sacred Garden, there are many temples built with the assistance of other countries, including China, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Vietnamese etc. By visiting Lumbini Garden, you can explore the different temples with different architectural features.